Volume 28, Issue 168 (1-2019)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2019, 28(168): 160-165 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (1778 Views)
Background and purpose: The Child Mortality Index is an important part of the Millennium Development Goals. Every year, 6 million children die in the world. Death information is essential for prioritizing interventions and planning and recognizing the effectiveness of the interventions. This research was conducted to study the death of children aged 1-59 months in Ardabil province, Iran.
Materials and methods: All deaths in Ardabil province from 2011-2015 in children aged 1-59 months were extracted. The distribution of death was determined based on location, sex, and place of residence and the relationships between these items were investigated using SPSS V23.
Results: A total of 553 deaths was recorded and male death included 56.2%. Death at hospital occurred in 64.7% and death in urban areas accounted for 55.9% of all deaths. Death in children aged 1-12 months was observed in 57.1%. There was a significant relationship between sex and place of residence. The trend of death in children showed a rise during the 5 years studied. The main causes of death according to death records in Health Department and hospitals were congenital anomalies and chromosomal aberrations.
Conclusion: The main causes of death could be prevented in children, therefore, precise planning is needed to reduce the mortality rate in this population. We observed similarities between the causes of death in hospital and the causes of death in the community, so, hospital data could be of great benefit in appropriate planning.
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Type of Study: Brief Report | Subject: Epidemiology