Volume 22, Issue 96 (1-2013)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2013, 22(96): 41-48 | Back to browse issues page

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Sameei Zadeh Toosi T, Mohammadinia N, Sereshti M. Effect of Companionship during Labor on Level of Anxiety of Primiparous Mothers and Midwives Points of View in Iranshahr, 2010. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2013; 22 (96) :41-48
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-3174-en.html
Abstract:   (5795 Views)
Background and purpose: Child birth is the most emotional experience of women that influences their health state throughout life. Being alone in labor suites, results in high anxiety level and complications among mothers. This study aimed at evaluating the effects of psychosocial support during labor provided by a female relative on anxiety level of primiparous women and midwives’ points of view regarding this intervention in Iran hospital, Iranshahr. Materials and methods: This randomized clinical trial was conducted in 210 primiparous women attending Iranshahr hospital, 2010. The subjects were aged between 18-35 years old, at 37 weeks gestational age who were carrying a single fetus and cervical dilatation (> 3 cm) with no indication for elective caesarean section. They were randomly assigned into experimental (n=105) and control groups (n=105). Spielberger's State Anxiety Inventory was used to record the anxiety score in admission time and in 6-8 cm dilation of cervix. All subjects received similar midwifery helps, however, women in experimental group were accompanied by a female relative until one hour after birth and the mothers in the control group received routine care. Midwives’ points of view were also recorded regarding the intervention. To analyze the data independent t-test, paired t-test, and x2 test were used. Results: There was no significant difference between the two groups regarding demographic features, gestational age, fetal weight and state anxiety score. Mothers' anxiety score on 6-8 cm dilation was significantly lower in intervention group (43.9%) while this score was 51.4% in control group (P<0.05). The anxiety score increased significantly in control group during labor (51.4%) compared with that in admission time (44.6%), (P<0.05). But no significant difference was found in the state anxiety score during labor and admission time among experimental group (44.5% and 43.9%, respectively). Midwives’ rate of satisfaction with the intervention was 81.9%, disturbance made by companions in delivery room was 14.3%, and interfering with physician orders was 23.8%. Conclusion: Psychosocial support by female companion is a low cost and useful way to decrease anxiety of primiparous mother during labor. This intervention also increases satisfaction of midwives.
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