Calorie Intake and the Related Factors in Lactating Mothers Referring to Health Centers - Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
Volume 21, Number 86 (Feb 2012)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2012, 21(86): 271-278 | Back to browse issues page


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Abedini Z, Ahmari Tehran H, Khorrami Rad A. Calorie Intake and the Related Factors in Lactating Mothers Referring to Health Centers . J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2012; 21 (86) :271-278
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-868-en.html

Abstract:   (8014 Views)
Background and purpose: Mother nutrition during lactation plays an important role in guaranteeing the health of both the mother and the child therefore, identifying the effective factors is the basis of their health promotion. This study aimed to determine calorie intake and the related factors in lactating mothers referring to health centers.
Materials and methods: Ïn this cross-sectional study, 1112 lactating mothers referring to health centers were selected based on stratified sampling. To collect data, the 24h dietary recall questionnaire was used. The amount of nutrition consumption was determined based on the unit and calorie of each food group. Then the ratio of the reported calorie intake was calculated against the predicted calorie requirement.
Results: The mean of the daily calorie intake of lactating mothers was 1868.17 ± 184.4 kcal. There was significant relationship between the efficiency of calorie intake of lactating mothers and their educational level (P>0.05) and occupation (P>0.05). Mothers under 21 and those above 30 years old received adequate calorie intake (P>0.05). There was significant relationship between the efficiency of calorie intake of lactating mothers and their body mass index (P>0.05).
Çonclusion: Due to inadequate calorie intake in lactating mothers, specially, those who are underweight and housewives, it is necessary to provide them with proper nutrition instruction and support during the lactation.
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Type of Study: Research(Original) |

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