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Hafez Yosefi M, Yagedi Z, Ahmadizadeh Z, Ehsani F. 1. Zimmerman M, Nitsch M, Giraux P, Gerloff C, Cohen LG, Hummel FC. Neuroenhancement of the Aging Brain: Restoring Skill Acquisition in Old Subjecte. Ann Neurol 2013; 73(1): 10-15. 2. Seidler RD, Bernard JA, Burutolu TB, Fling BW, Gordon MT, Gwin JT, et al. Motor control and aging: links to age-related brain structural, functional, and biochemical effects. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2010; 34(5): 721-733. 3. Nitsche MA, Schauenburg A, Lang N, Liebetanz D, Exner C, Paulus W, et al. Facilitation of implicit motor learning by weak transcranial direct current stimulation of the primary motor cortex in the human. J Cogn Neurosci 2003; 15(4): 619-626. 4. Ehsani F, Abdollahi I, Mohseni-Bandpei MA. A Comparative Study on middle age and older adult’s implicit learning in serial reaction time task. PTJ 2012; 2(1): 9-16 (Persian). 5. Ehsani F, Abdollahi I, Mohseni Bandpei MA. Comparing young and elderly serial reaction time task performance on repeated and random conditions. Salmand 2012; 7(2): 68-74 (Persian). 6. Ehsani F, Abdollahi I, Mohseni-Bandpei MA. The study of explicit knowledge effects on implicit motor learning in older adults. J Rehab 2012; 13(2): 56-63 (Persian). 7. Ehsani F, Abdollahi I, Mohseni Bandpei MA, Zahiri N, Jaberzadeh Sh. Motor learning and movement performance: older versus younger adults. Basic Clin Neurosci 2015; 6(4): 231-238. 8. Burke SN, Barnes CA. Neural plasticity in the ageing brain. Nat Rev Neurosci 2006; 7(1): 30-40. 9. Berardelli A, Inghilleri M, Rothwell JC, Romeo S, Curra A, Gilio F, et al. Facilitation of muscle evoked responses after repetitive cortical stimulation in man. Exp Brain Res 1998; 122(1): 79-84. 10. Ehsani F, Bakhtiary A, Jaberzadeh S, Talimkhani A, Hajihasani A. Differential effects of primary motor cortex and cerebellar transcranial direct current stimulation on motor learning in healthy individuals: A randomized double-blind sham-controlled study. Neurosci Res 2016; 112: 10-19. 11. Kuo MF, Paulus W, Nitsche MA. Therapeutic effects of non-invasive brain stimulation with direct currents (tDCS) in neuropsychiatric diseases. Neuroimage 2014; 85 Pt 3: 948-960. 12. Jeffery DT, Norton JA, Roy FD, Gorassini MA. Effects of trans cranial direct current stimulation on the excitability of the leg motor cortex. Exp Brain Res 2007; 182(2): 281-287. 13. Stagg CJ, Jayaram G, Pastor D, Kincses ZT, Matthews PM, Johansen-Berg H. Polarity and timing-dependent effects of trans cranial direct current stimulation in explicit motor learning. Neuropsychologia 2011; 49(5): 800-804. 14. Reis J, Schambra HM, Cohen LG, Buch ER, Fritsch B, Zarahn E, et al. Noninvasive cortical stimu- lation enhances motor skill acquisition over multiple days through an effect on consolidation. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2009; 106(5): 1590-1595. 15. Hummel FC, Heise K, Celnik P, Floel A, Gerioff C, Cohen LG. Facilitating skilled right hand motor function in older subjects by anodal polarization over the left primary motor cortex. Neurobiol Aging 2009; 31(12): 2160-2168. 16. Nitsche MA, Cohen LG, Wassermann EM, Priori A, Lang M, Antal A, et al. Trans cranial direct current stimulation: state of the art 2008. Brain Stimul 2008; 1(3): 206-223. 17. Jones KT, Stephens JA, Alam M, Bikson M, Berryhill ME. Longitudinal Neurostimulation in Older Adults Improves Working Memory. PLoS One 2015; 10: eD121904. 18. Flöela A, Suttorpd W, Kohld O, Kürtend J, Lohmannd H, Breitensteind C, et al. Non-invasive brain stimulation improves object-location learning in the elderly. Neurol Aging 2012; 33(8): 1682-1689. 19. Goodwill AM, Reynolds J, Daly RM, Kidgell DJ. Formation of cortical plasticity in older adults following tDCS and motor training. Front Aging Neurosci 2013; 5: 87. 20. Harty S, Robertson IH, Miniussi C, Sheehy OC, Devine CA, McCreery S, et al. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation over Right Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex Enhances Error Awareness in Older Age. J Neurosci 2014; 34(10): 3646-3652. 21. Hardwick RM, Celnik PA. Cerebellar direct current stimulation enhances motor learning in older adults. Neurobiol Aging 2014; 35(10): 2217-2221. . J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2017; 26 (146) :221-231
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-9667-en.html

1. Zimmerman M, Nitsch M, Giraux P, Gerloff C, Cohen LG, Hummel FC. Neuroenhancement of the Aging Brain: Restoring Skill Acquisition in Old Subjecte. Ann Neurol 2013; 73(1): 10-15. 2. Seidler RD, Bernard JA, Burutolu TB, Fling BW, Gordon MT, Gwin JT, et al. Motor control and aging: links to age-related brain structural, functional, and biochemical effects. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2010; 34(5): 721-733. 3. Nitsche MA, Schauenburg A, Lang N, Liebetanz D, Exner C, Paulus W, et al. Facilitation of implicit motor learning by weak transcranial direct current stimulation of the primary motor cortex in the human. J Cogn Neurosci 2003; 15(4): 619-626. 4. Ehsani F, Abdollahi I, Mohseni-Bandpei MA. A Comparative Study on middle age and older adult’s implicit learning in serial reaction time task. PTJ 2012; 2(1): 9-16 (Persian). 5. Ehsani F, Abdollahi I, Mohseni Bandpei MA. Comparing young and elderly serial reaction time task performance on repeated and random conditions. Salmand 2012; 7(2): 68-74 (Persian). 6. Ehsani F, Abdollahi I, Mohseni-Bandpei MA. The study of explicit knowledge effects on implicit motor learning in older adults. J Rehab 2012; 13(2): 56-63 (Persian). 7. Ehsani F, Abdollahi I, Mohseni Bandpei MA, Zahiri N, Jaberzadeh Sh. Motor learning and movement performance: older versus younger adults. Basic Clin Neurosci 2015; 6(4): 231-238. 8. Burke SN, Barnes CA. Neural plasticity in the ageing brain. Nat Rev Neurosci 2006; 7(1): 30-40. 9. Berardelli A, Inghilleri M, Rothwell JC, Romeo S, Curra A, Gilio F, et al. Facilitation of muscle evoked responses after repetitive cortical stimulation in man. Exp Brain Res 1998; 122(1): 79-84. 10. Ehsani F, Bakhtiary A, Jaberzadeh S, Talimkhani A, Hajihasani A. Differential effects of primary motor cortex and cerebellar transcranial direct current stimulation on motor learning in healthy individuals: A randomized double-blind sham-controlled study. Neurosci Res 2016; 112: 10-19. 11. Kuo MF, Paulus W, Nitsche MA. Therapeutic effects of non-invasive brain stimulation with direct currents (tDCS) in neuropsychiatric diseases. Neuroimage 2014; 85 Pt 3: 948-960. 12. Jeffery DT, Norton JA, Roy FD, Gorassini MA. Effects of trans cranial direct current stimulation on the excitability of the leg motor cortex. Exp Brain Res 2007; 182(2): 281-287. 13. Stagg CJ, Jayaram G, Pastor D, Kincses ZT, Matthews PM, Johansen-Berg H. Polarity and timing-dependent effects of trans cranial direct current stimulation in explicit motor learning. Neuropsychologia 2011; 49(5): 800-804. 14. Reis J, Schambra HM, Cohen LG, Buch ER, Fritsch B, Zarahn E, et al. Noninvasive cortical stimu- lation enhances motor skill acquisition over multiple days through an effect on consolidation. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2009; 106(5): 1590-1595. 15. Hummel FC, Heise K, Celnik P, Floel A, Gerioff C, Cohen LG. Facilitating skilled right hand motor function in older subjects by anodal polarization over the left primary motor cortex. Neurobiol Aging 2009; 31(12): 2160-2168. 16. Nitsche MA, Cohen LG, Wassermann EM, Priori A, Lang M, Antal A, et al. Trans cranial direct current stimulation: state of the art 2008. Brain Stimul 2008; 1(3): 206-223. 17. Jones KT, Stephens JA, Alam M, Bikson M, Berryhill ME. Longitudinal Neurostimulation in Older Adults Improves Working Memory. PLoS One 2015; 10: eD121904. 18. Flöela A, Suttorpd W, Kohld O, Kürtend J, Lohmannd H, Breitensteind C, et al. Non-invasive brain stimulation improves object-location learning in the elderly. Neurol Aging 2012; 33(8): 1682-1689. 19. Goodwill AM, Reynolds J, Daly RM, Kidgell DJ. Formation of cortical plasticity in older adults following tDCS and motor training. Front Aging Neurosci 2013; 5: 87. 20. Harty S, Robertson IH, Miniussi C, Sheehy OC, Devine CA, McCreery S, et al. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation over Right Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex Enhances Error Awareness in Older Age. J Neurosci 2014; 34(10): 3646-3652. 21. Hardwick RM, Celnik PA. Cerebellar direct current stimulation enhances motor learning in older adults. Neurobiol Aging 2014; 35(10): 2217-2221.
Abstract:   (163 Views)

Abstract

Background and purpose: Aging is associated with brain changes and reduction in motor skill acquisi­tion that can limit its functional capacity. One of the effective interventions is using transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). The aim of this systematic review was to assess the effect of tDCS on learning and motor skill in healthy older adults.

Materials and methods: A literature search for the period of 1995-2016 was performed using PubMed, Google scholar, Science Direct, OVID, PEDro, Cochrane library, and CINAHL databases. Studies investigating the effect of tDCS in different regions of cortex on learning and motor skill parameters in healthy older adults were included. The PEDro quality scale was used to investigate the studies included.

Results: According to the inclusion criteria of the study, seven articles were selected from 97 relevant articles. There were considerable differences among the studies in terms of methodology, outcome measures, sample size, procedure, etc. The results indicated that using tDCS on primary motor cortex and cerebellum regions could significantly improve motor learning and motor skill in older adults. In addition, tDCS in prefrontal, parietal and temporoparietal regions had significant, strong and long-term effects on cognition and working memory in older adults.

Conclusion: It seems that administration of tDCS in different regions of brain as a boosting technique can enhance motor learning, motor skill, and working memory capacity in healthy older adults. This method can control aging learning deficits.

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Type of Study: Review | Subject: فيزيوتراپي

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