Volume 28, Issue 166 (11-2018)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2018, 28(166): 140-150 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (3455 Views)
Background and purpose: Hemodialysis patients experience special conditions of illness and treatment and are exposed to various physical, mental, psychological, and social damage that will reduce their sense of subjective well-being. Perceived social support and spiritual health can enhance subjective well-being by adapting to the severe conditions of the disease. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between subjective well-being and perceived social support and spiritual health in hemodialysis patients.
Materials and methods: This correlational study was performed in 130 hemodialysis patients in east of Mazandaran province, Iran. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire, Subjective Well-being Scale (Keyes), Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWB), and Perceived Social Support Scale. Data were then analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics, including Pearson correlation and Multivariate linear regression analysis.
Results: Pearson correlation coefficient indicated significant direct relationships between perceived social support and subjective well-being (r= 0.507, p<0.001), and also between spiritual health and subjective well-being (r= 0.751, p<0.001) in hemodialysis patients. Subjective well-being was also significantly associated with gender, economic status, job, and physical ability (p<0.05). Considering the moderating effects of interventional variables, the predictive value of subjective well-being was calculated based on perceived social support and spiritual well-being.
Conclusion: Spiritual well-being and perceived social support can predict subjective well-being, therefore, they should be considered in training programs for patients.
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Type of Study: Research(Original) | Subject: nursing

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