Volume 30, Issue 183 (4-2020)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2020, 30(183): 92-97 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (2447 Views)
Background and purpose: Oral manifestations and their prevalence are of great importance in patients with HIV infection due to their diagnostic value and role on prognosis and monitoring patients’ immunity. All these influence patients' quality of life. The goal of this study was to investigate oral manifestations in patients with HIV/AIDS infection.
Materials and methods: This descriptive-cross sectional study was conducted in patients attending counseling center for behavioral diseases in Sari, Iran 2019. Data analysis was done in SPSS V25.
Results: Oral manifestations were observed in the majority of patients (96%) ranging from one to six oral lesions.  The most common lesions were coated tongue (80.4%), mucosal hyper pigmentation (38.9%), periodontitis (26.8%), frictional hyper keratosis and fissure tongue (24.3%), and gingivitis and erythomatous candidiasis (19.5%).
Conclusion: In this study, the prevalence of oral lesions in patients with HIV/AIDS was relatively low, but there were poor periodontal conditions. Hence, appropriate oral hygiene, providing high quality dental services, and prosthodontic care are needed in these patients.

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Type of Study: Brief Report | Subject: Dentistry

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