Volume 22, Issue 94 (12-2012)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2012, 22(94): 102-110 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (14711 Views)
Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease in nearly all parts of the world, especially in tropical and subtropical areas and is prevalent in hot and humid areas. Particularly in the northern provinces of Caspian Sea in Iran by having mild and wet weather conditions, this disease is more spread to other parts of the country. Today, with evolution of the Leptospira, disease from traditional village that enhance its prevalence among farmers and fishing, modified to epidemics in urban communities that do not have good health. Thus the purpose of this review is epidemiology, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of leptospirosis. Prevalence of the disease in each zone depends on climate, geography, population, domestic and wild animals, and the abundance of surface water. Laboratory diagnosis of leptospirosis important and Micro Agglutination Test (MAT) in the diagnosis of disease is Valuable. Molecular tests such as PCR can be used in early detection of disease particularly when there are no specific antibodies. ELISA tests are also important in early screening. Disease prevention will be Possible by increasing awareness of the people at risk, regional health systems employees, and prevention from human contact with contaminated materials and vaccination of livestock and animals.
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