Volume 30, Issue 194 (2-2021)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2021, 30(194): 51-61 | Back to browse issues page

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Mesri M, Rouhani M R, Koohestani H R, Azani H, Ahad A, Karimy M. Clinical Features and Outcomes of Suspected and Confirmed COVID-19 Patients in Saveh, Iran, 2020. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2021; 30 (194) :51-61
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-15481-en.html
Abstract:   (1572 Views)
 Background and purpose: The outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia is a major threat to global public health because it is very contagious and spreads quickly by human-to-human transmission. This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics and outcome of patients infected with COVID-19 in Saveh, Iran.
Materials and methods: A descriptive-analytical study was conducted in 1537 patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 from 18 February- 2 June 2020. Medical records were studied and a researcher-made questionnaire consisting of demographic information, epidemiological, and clinical manifestations were used to collect the data.
Results: There were significant differences between patients tested positive and negative for COVID-19 in terms of gender, age, duration of hospitalization, and contact with a patient with confirmed COVID-19 (P<0.05). The main symptoms of patients included cough (43.8%), fever (41.4%), and dyspnea (40.3%). The most common chronic diseases in these patients were cardiovascular disease (12.9%), diabetes (11.5%), and hypertension (9.7%). The mean age of death due to COVID-19 was 70.2±15.6 years and higher rate of mortality was seen in men (66.2%).
Conclusion: While responding to COVID-19, health authorities should consider vulnerable groups (older patients and those with underlying diseases) and provide them with more information on the modes of transmission of COVID-19 and the risks of infection.
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Type of Study: Research(Original) | Subject: Epidemiology

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