Volume 31, Issue 197 (5-2021)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2021, 31(197): 35-43 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rouhanizadeh H, Mousavi S A, Yazdani-Charati J, Pourali F, Saeedi M, Ajami A, et al et al . Association between COVID-19 Infection and ABO Blood Types in Mazandaran Province, Iran: A Cross-Sectional Study. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2021; 31 (197) :35-43
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-16679-en.html
Abstract:   (1690 Views)
 Background and purpose: The association between ABO blood types and Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have been investigated in several studies but there are inconsistencies in results. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between ABO blood types and COVID-19 infection based on serologic results.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional seroepidemiologic study was carried out in 1504 people living in Mazandaran province, north of Iran. Blood samples were drawn to determine blood groups. Also, IgG and IgM antibodies were measured by ELISA. Data analysis was done using Chi-square, Fisher’s exact test, univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses in SPSS V25.
Results: The frequency of IgG positive among blood groups A, B, AB, and O was 12.7%, 11.8%, 9.4%, and 9.6%, respectively. After adjusting for suspicious confounding factors, the odds ratio of COVID-19 infection was 1.19 (95% CI:0.85-1.67) in blood group A, 1.33 (95% CI:0.94-1.87) in blood group B, 0.82 (95% CI:0.44-1.55) in blood group AB, and 0.70 (CI 95%:0.50-0.98) in blood group O based on serologic results (IgG+/IgM+).
Conclusion: The odds ratio for COVID-19 was significantly lower (30%) in blood group O compared to other blood groups, so blood group O can be considered as a protective factor against COVID-19.
Full-Text [PDF 353 kb]   (866 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research(Original) | Subject: Epidemiology

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb