Volume 33, Issue 2 (12-2023)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2023, 33(2): 80-87 | Back to browse issues page

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Jafarian A A, Shirkavand M, Alizadeh Otaghvar H, Amniati S, Salehi S H, Jafarian F et al . Analgesic and Anti-anxiety Effects of the "Direct Lidocaine Spraying with new Method on Burn Wound due to dressing change. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2023; 33 (2) :80-87
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-18508-en.html
Abstract:   (657 Views)
Background and purpose: Burn patients often experience severe pain due to frequent dressing changes. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of 2% lidocaine spray on the level of pain and anxiety of patients during dressing change.
Materials and methods: A total of 168 patients, including both males and females aged between 20 and 40 years, were selected from Shahid Motahari Hospital in the year 2017. The participants in the intervention group were given lidocaine spray, whereas the participants in the control group were given distilled water spray. Pain scale, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), anxiety scale, Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale (RASS), and heart rate were assessed at 0-3-10 minutes and subsequently every ten minutes.
Results: The average heart rate and diastolic blood pressure in the two groups, up to the tenth minute after the intervention, were 85.27±3 and 87.29±5, respectively, and in the intervals from zero to ten minutes, in the control group, it was lower than the control group. The systolic blood pressure, heart rate and anxiety levels in the 10 to 60 minutes were lower in the intervention group than in the control group. In 10 and 60 minutes, the average score of pain and anxiety in the intervention group was lower than the control group. The pain score in the above times was 4.81±1.30, 6.43±0.93, 6.10±1.41, and 8.29±1.68 and the anxiety score was 14.78±1.66, 2.12. It was 17.14±14, 9.92±0.58 and 17.29±2.21.
Conclusion: The findings of the study indicated that Lidocaine spray in the applied concentration could significantly reduce the pain and the anxiety levels without leading to a significant change in the systolic blood pressure and the heart rate of the patients.

 
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Type of Study: Research(Original) | Subject: anesthesia

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