Volume 13, Issue 41 (Dec 2003)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2003, 13(41): 55-64 | Back to browse issues page

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Salehi M, Kimiagar S, Shahbazi M, Kolahi A, Mehrabi Y. Effect of education given to the nomadic women on the nutrition, health and hygiene of the tribe, and the role of nomadic women in development of nutrition culture and hygiene . J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2003; 13 (41) :55-64
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-351-en.html
Abstract:   (14049 Views)
Background and purpose: Ïn the recent years, a good nutritional status is known as an development index, and women as growers of the next generation play very important role in each society. Therefore in the developing countries nutrition education has been a priority in the economic development nationwide for the health, economical and social programmers.
Materials and methods: With cooperation of educated girls and nomadic teachers a one year educational program containing health and written nutrition principles was prepared for the nomadic families. The society under study were 141 nomadic ghashgai families, selected randomly based on the population of the tribes. The collected data were studied by direct observation.
Results : The mean energy requirment for performance of the work assigned only to women is 1270 calories, and the amount of energy spent by women in shared work with men is 790 calories, and the mean required energy for performance of the work assigned to men is about 830 calories. Per capita need of energy for a family within 24 hours is 3300 calories. Ït was determined that to be about 1500 calories for women and 1860 calories for rest of the family members. Significant amount of the food was given to dogs and hens. The percentage of malnutrition in the children under 6 years in the tribe family under study prior to and after interferance education was significant (P<0.05), though was higher than the children living in fars province.
Çonclusion: Since, generally men are restricted to be shepherd, lobour or tribe leader, night guard, hunter and trader on one hand, and on the other hand because men and guest have more share of food than the women therefore, have over weight, and women of the family with low income and increase of effort for providing the daily need of the family members, use more energy and as a result become under weight. Teaching of the tribe’s literate girls and volunterial nomadic women on cultural and higienic program in order to recover the backwardness of tribal sociery from cultural development and hygienic improvement is a necessity, which needs be more attansion of the authorities.
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