Volume 9, Issue 22 And 23 (Spring & summer 1999)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 1999, 9(22 And 23): 47-53 | Back to browse issues page

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Shirinkam F, fani L. The assessment of pregnancy outcome in farmer women and bousewiues in Gilan. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 1999; 9 (22 and 23) :47-53
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-923-en.html
Abstract:   (33701 Views)
Background and purpose : The effect of physical activity of pregnant women on the pregnancy outcome has been studied previously. There are several reports about adverse affects of maternal work on the fetus in the medical literature. This study was designed to assess the pregnancy outcome in farmer women in comparison with howsewives in Gilan.
Materials and Methods : This case – control study was performed on 230 farmer women with a singleton alive fetus who reached 20th week of gestation , and 230 pregnant howsewives (as control group) matched for age and parity. The frequency of some antepartum and postpartum complications (Pre-eclampsia , Placental abruption , PROM . uterine atony , pre and post-term delivery , LBW , ect) were assessed.
Results : There was a decreased incidence of abnormal and post-term pregnancy in the study group as compared with controls (P<0.05). The incidence of postpartum uterine atony in farmer women was significantly more than housewives (P<0.05). The higher incidence of preterm delivery and low birth weight neonates in tarmer women in comparison with howsewives was not statistically significant.
Conclusion : According to the results , working in the farm during third trimester of pregnancy could affect the outcome of pregnancy
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