Volume 16, Issue 54 (Oct 2006)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2006, 16(54): 35-47 | Back to browse issues page

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Ebrahimzadeh M, Mahmoudi M, Saiednia S, Pourmorad F, Salimi E. Anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive properties of fractionated extracts in different parts of Sambucus ebulus. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2006; 16 (54) :35-47
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-132-en.html
Abstract:   (14092 Views)
Background and purpose: In Iranian folk medicine, the leaves and rhizomes of the plant Sambucus ebulus have been used topically for curing painful joint diseases. This study was undertaken to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive efficacy of different parts of Sambucus ebulus in mice and rats.
Materials and Methods: Different parts of Sambucus ebulus were collected from Sari. Fruits, leaves and roots were fractionated by successive solvent extraction with hexane, ethyl acetate and finally methanol. Anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of extracts were determined using hot plate, writhing and carrageenan-induced inflammation tests in mice and rats respectively.
Results: Nearly all extracts showed a dose dependent and marked analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities when compared to the control. Only hexane extract of leaves did not show any anti-inflammatory activity up to 600 mg/kg i.p. Hexane extract possessed significantly higher activity than methanol extract. Ethyl acetate extract were withdrawn because of severe nociceptive response in mice. No extracts exhibited any toxicity up to 2 g/ kg body weight intraperitoneally in mice for one week.
Conclusion: The results of the present study support the folkloric utilization of this herb. Hexane extract of fruits showed highest analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities. Phytochemical analysis, the elucidation of exact mechanism of action and active components responsible for the hypernociceptive effect of ethyl acetate extract requires further investigations.
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Type of Study: Research(Original) |

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