Volume 23, Issue 103 (8-2013)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2013, 23(103): 54-65 | Back to browse issues page

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Rahimian Boogar I, Ghodrati Mirkouhi M. Successful Smoking Cessation: the Role of Self-efficacy, Mindfulness and Demographic Factors. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2013; 23 (103) :54-65
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-2497-en.html
Abstract:   (6416 Views)
Background and purpose: Successful smoking cessation is an important approach in promoting healthy lifestyle. This study investigated the role of self-efficacy, mindfulness and demographic factors in successful smoking cessation. Materials and methods: In a cross-sectional descriptive study 284 people attending 10 smoking cessation clinics in Tehran were selected based on convenience sampling. The subjects included 86 people with successful smoking cessation and 198 cases without successful smoking cessation. All participants completed the Smoking Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (SEQ-12), the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) and the Demographic Factors Questionnaire. The data was analyzed using Chi Square, t-test and Binary Logistic Regression in SPSS V.16. Results: The variables that significantly predicted successful smoking cessation were self-efficacy (OR=9.816 CI: 3.122-17.282%), mindfulness (OR=5.664 CI: 1.226-11.258%), female gender (OR=4.009 CI: 1.655-14.556%), university education (OR=7.801 CI: 2.866-18.051%), and appropriate socio-economic status (OR=6.605 CI: 1.467-12.624%) (P<0.001). Age did predict success of smoking cessation (p>0/05). Conclusion: Enhancing self-efficacy and mindfulness are believed to be appropriate strategies for increasing probability of success in smoking cessation programs and could be used as therapeutic intervention for smokers. Furthermore, educational level, socio-economic status, and gender are variables that could influence such programs.
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Type of Study: Research(Original) | Subject: psychology

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