Volume 23, Issue 104 (9-2013)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2013, 23(104): 27-33 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Pagheh A S, Fakhar M, Mesgarian F, Rahimi-Esboei B, Badiee F. Incidence Trend of Rural Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Gonbad-e- Qabus City, (Golestan, Iran) during 2009-2012. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2013; 23 (104) :27-33
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-2627-en.html
Abstract:   (12550 Views)
Background and purpose: Recently, incidence of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) has been increased. The present study aimed to investigate the incidence trend of CL in Gonbad-e-Qabus, (Golestan, Iran). Materials and methods: This descriptive study was carried out for patients referring to health center of Gonbad-e-Qabus, during 2009 to 2012. Early diagnosis of CL was carried out by direct smear and staining with Giemsa. In addition, to detect species of Leishmania spp specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method was performed. Results: During 2009 to 2012, 1398 samples were tested and the results of direct smears in 946 subjects (67.6%) were positive. Among them, 576 cases (60.8%) were male and 370 (39.2%) were female. The majority (39.2%) of the positive cases belonged to 2009. (P < 0.0001). The highest frequency was in the age group under 5 years (35.9%) and lowest in age groups > 40 (0.7%). Furthermore, Leishmania spp was isolated from all the patients with Leishmania major by specific PCR. Conclusion: Our results represented high incidence of the CL among less than 5 year-old-subjects which indicated high endemicity in the area. Although, based on interventions of Gonbad’s Health Center, new cases of CL were decreased throughout 2012.
Full-Text [PDF 176 kb]   (1857 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research(Original) |

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2021 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb