Volume 10, Number 27 (Jun 2000)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2000, 10(27): 59-65 | Back to browse issues page


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Sharif M, ziaie hezar garibi H. Study the rate of oxyuris vermicularis and vulvitis in children of 2-5 years of age in Sari township kindergarten in 1378 . J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2000; 10 (27) :59-65
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-302-en.html

Abstract:   (13036 Views)
Background and purpose: Ôxyuris vermicularis is one of the main hygienic problems in the world specially in children under 2 years of age. Ôver 40 million Âmericans specially children are infected by oxyuris vermicularis. Ône of the complications of parasite is it’s role in causing vulvitis. Since the parasite is more prevalent in girls than boys, this study was conducted to show the rate of prevalence of oxyuris vermicularis and vulvutis in girls between 2-5 years of age in kindergarden’s of Sari.
Materials and Methods: Samples were collected by scotch tape method from all children of 2-5 years of age. Vulua of the children were examined by a midwife under the supervision of specialist. Ïnformations about itching, edema, erythema and vulva itching, vaginal excretion, pruritus and bed wetting were recorded in a questionnaire. Ôther informations like age, education, occupation of parents, Family members, the number of siblings, the number of children in each class and their baby sitters, cleanliness of nails, beds and their informal habbits, bathing, disinfection of fomities and bed sheets, the presence of physicians in kindergarten, hygienic card for baby sitters and the children infected with oxyuris vermicularis were recorded in a questionnaire and the children infected to oxyuris vermicularis were examined by scotch tape method.
Results: From the total number of 217 children under study, 64 (29.5%) were infected to oxyuris vermicularis and 38 (17.5%) persons had vulvitis, and 13 (6%) persons had vulvitis along with oxyuris vermicularis, and there was no significant relationship between oxyuris vermicularis and vulvitis by X2 statistical analysis. 34.2% who had vulvitis, were infected to oxyuris vermicularis too. There was a significant relationship between the age and oxyuris vermicularis infection (P<0.001), between vulvitis and age group (P<0.05). between oxyuris vermicularis and using fomities (P<0.01) and between vulvitis and itching of anus (P<0.05).
Çonclusion: Regarding the prevalence of oxyuris vermicularis infection and it’s role in vulvitis and the limitation in the studies in this field, it is necessary to have a proper planning for the improvement of health and the agents of causing vulvitis.
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Type of Study: Research(Original) |

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