Volume 20, Issue 76 (May 2010)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2010, 20(76): 96-107 | Back to browse issues page

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Khodavaisy S, Shokohi T, Zarei Mahmoudabadi A. Mycetoma in Iran with emphasis on north of Iran a review of the literatures . J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2010; 20 (76) :96-107
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-618-en.html
Abstract:   (14899 Views)
Mycetomas are chronic granulomatous fungal diseases that involve cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues. Mycetomas are caused by fungi (Ëumycetoma) or fungus-like bacteria (Âctinomycetoma). The exogenous causative agents are geophilic organisms which introduced by traumas. We review 90 cases of mycetoma in Ïran from 1972 to 2009. There are rare reports of Mycetomas from Ïran with most cases (66.3%) being male (male to female ratio of ~ 2:1). Ït has been found that the highest incidence of Mycetoma is between the ages of 31 and 50 years (60%) while most of the patients were farmers (44.4%). Ïn Ïran, foot is the most common site of affection (73.8%) followed by leg and arm (4.8% each). The most common agents causing actinomycetoma are Âctinomadura madurae (23.5%), Nocardia asteroids (20.6%), Nocardia caviae (13.2%), and the most frequent causative agents of eumycetoma is Pseudoallescheria boydii (10.3%). The majority of reported cases are Northern (36%) and Southern (27%) provinces of Ïran. Mazandaran has the highest prevalence (59.4%) among the Northern provinces The most common prevalent agents in Northern Ïran is Âctinomadura madurae (47.8%) that caused 68.8 % of Mycetoma in Northern Ïran.
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