Co-activation of Abdominal and Pelvic Floor Muscles: A Systematic Review of the Literature - Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
Volume 21, Number 81 (Mar 2011)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2011, 21(81): 90-101 | Back to browse issues page


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Tahan N, Mohseni Bandpei M. Co-activation of Abdominal and Pelvic Floor Muscles: A Systematic Review of the Literature . J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2011; 21 (81) :90-101
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-663-en.html

Abstract:   (7387 Views)
Background and purpose: Recent research indicated that there is a co-activation of pelvic floor muscles (PFM) and abdominal muscles during voluntary and involuntary activity as a normal function, which may be impaired in women with stress urinary incontinency (SÜÏ). The purpose of the present study was to review the previously published studies concerning co-activation of abdominal and PFM with particular attention to its clinical application in patients with SÜÏ.
Materials and methods: Â literature search for the period of 2000-2010 was performed, using PubMed, ProQuest, Science Direct, Thomson, ËMBÂSË, ÔVÏD, ÇÏNÂHL and MËDLÏNË databases. Pelvic floor muscle, abdominal muscles, transverse abdominis, Ço-activation, electromyography and ultrasonography were used as keywords.
Results: Twenty one articles were selected according to the inclusion criteria of the study. There was a wide variation among studies in terms of methodology, main outcome measures, sample size, procedure, imaging parameters and electromyography parameters, etc.
Çonclusion: The results demonstrated that there is adequate evidence to support co-contraction of the PFM with abdominal muscles in voluntary, involuntary and reflex activities and this co-contraction could be lost or impaired in individuals with SÜÏ.
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Type of Study: Research(Original) |

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