Volume 15, Issue 47 (Jun 2005)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2005, 15(47): 98-112 | Back to browse issues page

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Enayati A. Glutathione transferases and insecticide resistance in vectors of diseases . J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2005; 15 (47) :98-112
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-741-en.html
Abstract:   (21051 Views)
Glutathione transferases(GSTs) are a diverse family of enzymes found ubiquitously in aerobic organisms. They play a central role in the detoxification of both endogenous and xenobiotic compounds and are also involved in intracellular transport, biosynthesis of hormones and protection against oxidative stress. Interest in insect GSTs has primarily focused on their role in insecticide resistance. GSTs can metabolise insecticides by facilitating their reductive dehydrochlorination or by conjugation reactions with reduced glutathione, to produce water- soluble metabolites that are more readily excreted. In addition, they contribute to the removal of toxic oxygen free radical species produced through the pesticides action. Annotation of the Anopheles gambiae and Drosophila melanogaster genomes has revealed the full extent of this enzyme family in insects. This mini review describes the insect GST enzyme family, focusing specifically on their role in conferring insecticide resistance.
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Type of Study: Research(Original) |

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