Volume 27, Number 150 (7-2017)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2017, 27(150): 158-169 | Back to browse issues page

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Dadban Shahamat Y, Sangbari N, Zafarzadeh A, Beirami S. Heavy Metal Contamination in the Effluent and Sludges of Wastewater Treatment Plant in Gorgan, Iran. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2017; 27 (150) :158-169
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-9195-en.html

Abstract:   (221 Views)

Background and purpose: Environmental pollution by heavy metals and their transfer to soil and crops are a growing global problem. This study aimed to measure the concentrations of heavy metals in wastewater and sludge wastewater treatment plant in Gorgan, Iran.

Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, 176 samples of effluent, and returned and dried sludges were analyzed in wastewater treatment plant in Gorgan, during six months in 2016.  The concentration of Pb, Cd, Ni, and Cr were determined using polarography (Metrohm797 AV) and furnace atomic adsorption spectroscopy (AA 240 Varian Co.) in the laboratory of Health Faculty in Golestan University of Medical Sciences.

Results: The average concentrations of Pb, Cd, Ni, and Cr in the effluent were 0.105 ± 0.06, 0.0089 ± 0.008, 0.095 ± 0.108, and 0.102 ± 0.175 mg /L, respectively. The concentrations of Pb, Cd, Ni, and Cr in returned sludge were 323.48 ± 217.65, 2.44 ± 3.3, 354.14 ± 322.79, and 388.53 ± 252.59 mg /kg of dry weight, respectively. Also, in dried sludge, the average concentrations of lead, cadmium, nickel, and chromium were 58.48±2.67, N.D, 30.31±1.98, and 506.25±813.81 mg/kg of dry weight, respectively.

Conclusion: The concentrations of heavy metals in wastewater effluent and dried sludge, except in returned sludge, were below the standards. Due to long-term use of effluents, necessity of treatment of other parameters, and the effect of bioaccumulation of metals in sludge, caution should be taken for their agricultural application. Also, because of importance of this type of contaminants in soil and food products, continuous monitoring by water companies is highly necessary.

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Type of Study: Research(Original) | Subject: Environmental Health

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