Volume 28, Issue 162 (7-2018)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2018, 28(162): 86-94 | Back to browse issues page

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Hatef M, Sharif Nia H, Mousavinasab N, Esmaeili R, Shafipour V. Self-efficacy and Prediction of Associated Factors in Patients with Chronic Diseases. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2018; 28 (162) :86-94
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-10570-en.html
Abstract:   (5028 Views)
Background and purpose: Self-efficacy as one of the main concepts of social cognitive theory could play a major role in different dimensions of health behaviors and empowerment of patients with chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate self-efficacy and predict its related factors in patients with chronic diseases.
Materials and methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed in 400 patients with chronic heart and kidney diseases, diabetes, and high blood pressure in three hospitals affiliated to Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. This study was carried out using a simple random sampling and applying the Chronic Disease Self-efficacy Scale (CDSES). SPSS V23 was used to descriptive and analytical data applying multiple linear regression.
Results: The mean score for self-efficacy was 5.17 ± 5.11. Multiple linear regression analysis showed some variables, including the age (CI95:-1.400, -0.573, β= -0.228, P <0.001), educational level (CI95: 1.311, 6.000, β=0.149, P= 0.002), and income level (CI95:12.585, 23.901, β= 0.319, P<0.001) as the predictors of self-efficacy in chronic patients.
Conclusion: In this study, the majority of patients with chronic diseases had a moderate level of self-efficacy. Chronic diseases are highly prevalent today, therefore, more precise planning is needed to promote self-efficacy which is the main factor in improving self-care and health behaviors of patients with chronic diseases.
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Type of Study: Research(Original) | Subject: nursing

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