Volume 29, Issue 178 (11-2019)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2019, 29(178): 161-166 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Imani V, Jalilolghadr S, Mirashrafi F, Khamenehpour K. Apert Syndrome with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Case Report. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2019; 29 (178) :161-166
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-12166-en.html
Abstract:   (6173 Views)

Apert syndrome is a rare kind of craniosynostosis which is identified with fusion of cranial sutures during prematurity period and causes physical and intellectual disorders in younger ages. These patients may show symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea due to abnormal craniofacial shape. This article introduces a patient with Apert syndrome, with apnea symptoms, cyanosis, snoring, restlessness, night sweating, repeated sleep interrupts, and daytime irritability. Polysomnography was used due to a suspicious obstructive sleep apnea. The results were as follows: Arousal index: 3.27/h, RDI: 6.51/h, and Lowest oxygen saturation: 46%. CPAP with EPAP: 8cmH2o was used for the patient in sleeping time. Later test results and symptoms of the condition improved remarkably. Approximately 40% of patients with Apert syndrome have the symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea mainly because of mid face hypoplasia, but it can be related to changes of laryngopharynx, larynx, tracheobronchomalacia, and other abnormalities. If the condition is left untreated, obstructive sleep apnea can cause interruptive sleeping, repeated infections, delay in growth and cognition, and more importantly Cor pulmonale and sudden death in sleeping. Therefore, polysomnography must be considered and the patient should be under supervision.

Full-Text [PDF 476 kb]   (878 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Case Report | Subject: children

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb