Volume 31, Issue 199 (8-2021)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2021, 31(199): 27-41 | Back to browse issues page

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Validabady Z, Aqdasi M, Taaki F, Memaryan N. Perceived Stress and General and Spiritual Coping Strategies among People during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Mixed-Method Study. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2021; 31 (199) :27-41
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-16259-en.html
Abstract:   (1692 Views)
Background and purpose: In addition to public health concerns, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused psychological disorders such as anxiety, fear, depression, stigma, etc. The present study aimed at examining the perceived stress levels of people in COVID-19 pandemic, their coping strategies and the efficacy of each strategy in reducing stress.
Materials and methods: This mixed-method online survey was performed in 246 Iranians aged 15-65 years old. In quantitative part, the level of stress was assessed and in qualitative part, coping strategies were examined through open-ended questions. Quantitative data were analyzed in STATA software and qualitative data were analyzed by content analysis.
Results: Moderate levels of perceived stress were seen in all samples (19.56±4.56). According to qualitative analysis, coping strategies included two themes: general coping and religious-spiritual coping. Generally, 67% of the participants reported using spiritual coping strategies during COVID-19 outbreak. The degree of efficacy of each coping strategy was estimated using a 1-10 scale which showed a significant difference between general coping (5.94±2.61) and spiritual coping (5.06±3.19) (P <0.05).
Conclusion: Understanding coping strategies used by different age groups in both sexes and using them in public mental health programs helps policymakers not only in the COVID-19 pandemic but also in future outbreaks.
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Type of Study: Research(Original) | Subject: psychology

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