Volume 31, Issue 201 (10-2021)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2021, 31(201): 93-103 | Back to browse issues page

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Mousavi M, Tehranchi A, Sadeghipour M, Namdari M, Dalband M, Ekhlasmand Kermani M et al . Relationship between Precautionary Measures and Perceived Stress and Self-care Behaviors in Shahid Beheshti Dental School during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Path Analysis Study. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2021; 31 (201) :93-103
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-16811-en.html
Abstract:   (964 Views)
Background and purpose: Mental health problems can negatively affect one’s ability to take precautionary measures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of perceived stress and self-care behaviors on precautionary measures against COVID-19 among staff and students in shahid Beheshti Dental School.
Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted after reopening of the school. Information was collected from 830 people (academic members, students, and staff) within two weeks in spring 2020. A questionnaire was designed consisting of items on demographic characteristics, perceived stress, self-care behaviors, and precautionary measures. To calculate the coefficients of the effects of stress and self-care behaviors on precautionary measures, path model analysis was applied.
Results: There was a significant relationship between perceived stress and precautionary measures in dental students. In this group, stress had a significant direct effect on preventive social behaviors (P<0.001). On the other hand, the negative effects of perceived stress on both individual and social preventive measures were mediated via self-care measures. In academic members, perceived stress was not found to significantly affect precautionary measures (P=.28). In staff, self-care behaviors had significant positive effects on both individual and social preventive measures (P<.001).
Conclusion: Perceived stress as an exogenous variable had both direct and indirect effects on social preventive behaviors. It also affected individual preventive behaviors via self-care measures as an endogenous variable.
Keywords: self-care, COVID-19, stress
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Type of Study: Research(Original) | Subject: Dentistry

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