Volume 33, Issue 224 ( 2023)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2023, 33(224): 150-156 | Back to browse issues page

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Davoodi L, Mousavi T, Sahabi M, Jalali H. Clinical, Laboratory, and Epidemiological Findings in Patients with Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in Mazandaran Province, 2014-2018. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2023; 33 (224) :150-156
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-19185-en.html
Abstract:   (491 Views)
 Background and purpose: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is one of the viral hemorrhagic fevers caused by Nairovirus group. Epidemiological investigation and clinical symptoms of the disease in each region can help to identify disease-prone foci and early diagnosis of the disease in epidemic cases. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical, epidemiological, and laboratory symptoms of patients with CCHF in Mazandaran province in 2014-2018.
Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional epidemiological survey, 135 patients with proven CCHF in Mazandaran province were enrolled in a census manner. The clinical, epidemiological, and laboratory findings in these patients were determined.
Results: In this study, 23% were younger than 30 years of age and 80.7% were men. In hospitalized patients, 33.3% had high risk jobs linked to the disease and 39.3% had livestock exposure. The patients were most affected in spring (45.9%) and summer (42.2%) and less during fall (5.9%), and winter (5.9%). Clinical manifestations, including fever, rash, abdominal pain, bleeding, epistaxis, headache, musculoskeletal pain, cough, and menorrhagia were observed in 88.1%, 11.1%, 23%, 28.9%, 7.4%, 52.6%, 69.7%, 0%, and 0% of the infected subjects, respectively. Thrombocytopenia were seen in 51.9% of the patients and about other laboratory results there were no any specific findings in 29.6%. According to laboratory findings, LFT raise, anemia, leukopenia, leukocytosis, LTF raise plus anemia, and LFT raise plus leukopenia were seen in 13.3%, 5.2%, 27.4%, 9.6%, 3.7%, and 11.1%, respectively.
Conclusion: According to the present study, although the clinical, epidemiological, and laboratory findings in CCHF cases in Mazandaran province are similar to other studies worldwide, so, the regular analysis of CCHF patients is highly recommended.
 
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Type of Study: Brief Report | Subject: infection

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