Volume 26, Issue 139 (8-2016)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2016, 26(139): 42-52 | Back to browse issues page

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Dobaradaran S, Geravandi S, Goudarzi G, Idani E, Salmanzadeh S, Soltani F, et al . Determination of Cardiovascular and Respiratory Diseases Caused by PM10 Exposure in Bushehr, 2013. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2016; 26 (139) :42-52
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-8154-en.html
Abstract:   (6804 Views)

Background and purpose: Particulate matter less than 10 microns (PM10) is one of the main pollutants that cause irreparable damage to the environment and human health. The aim of this study was to estimate the health effects of PM10 on human health.

Materials and methods: This analytic study was conducted in Bushehr, 2013. PM10 data were obtained from Bushehr Meteorological organization and Department of environment. PM10 concentration was measured by GRIMM. Raw data processing was done in Excel (instruction set correction of averaging and coding), then the impact of meterological parameters was considered and the data was converted into the Air Q model.

Results: The results showed that the annual average concentrations of PM10 in Bushehr was 251.35 µg/m3. Total number of cardiovascular diseases attributed to PM10 was 130 cases. The total cumulative number of respiratory diseases in a year was 346. 52 of which 52% were attributed to PM10 concentration less than 150 µg/m3. In areas studied per 10 µg/m3 increased concentrations of PM10, the risks of cardiovascular death and respiratory deaths increased by1.8% and 2.1%, respectively.

Conclusion: High rates of these two diseases could be due to higher average PM10 or continued days of high PM10 concentration in Bushehr.

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Type of Study: Research(Original) |

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