Volume 33, Issue 219 (4-2023)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2023, 33(219): 60-71 | Back to browse issues page

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Rafigh Neghabi R, Mohsen Mohammadnia Ahmadi, Ghahremani R, Arabikhan K. Comparing the Effects of Endurance and Resistance Training Programs on some Pulmonary, Functional, and Quality of Life Indicators in Patients with COVID-19 Discharged from Hospital. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2023; 33 (219) :60-71
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-18984-en.html
Abstract:   (702 Views)
Background and purpose: The present study investigated the effect of six weeks of endurance and resistance training on pulmonary indices, physical performance, and quality of life in COVID-19 patients after discharge from hospital.
Materials and methods: Thirty six patients with COVID-19 (mean age: 38.76±0.98 years, mean weight: 81.86±2.88 kg) were selected. At the beginning and end of the study, pulmonary (FEV1, FVC, FEV1/FVC, and MVV), physical (6-minute walk test), quality of life (SF-36), and anthropometry tests were performed. The patients were divided into three groups: Endurance training (45 minutes at 60-75% estimated HR), Resistance training (45 minutes at 40-70% of I-RM), and controls. The intervention was conducted for 6 weeks (3 sessions). One-way ANOVA test was used for statistical analysis.
Results: Findings indicated a significant increase in FEV1 (P=0.029), FVC (P=0.047), FEV1/FVC (P=0.043) in the endurance training group compared to the control group, while difference was observed in MVV (P=0.041) and FEV1/FVC (P=0.022) between endurance training and resistance training groups. The 6-minute test distance increased in the endurance training (P=0.0001) and resistance training (P=0.001) groups compared to the control group, but no difference was observed between the training groups (P=0.48). Endurance and resistance training programs induced significant improvements in physical performance (P=0.024 and P=0.09, respectively) and general health (P=0.022 and P=0.015, respectively) dimensions compared to the control group.
Conclusion: Moderate-intensity endurance training can improve pulmonary function, physical performance, and quality of life in patients with COVID-19 after discharge from hospital and can be used in rehabilitation programs of these patients.
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Type of Study: Research(Original) | Subject: Sport Physiology

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