Volume 33, Issue 1 (11-2023)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2023, 33(1): 234-247 | Back to browse issues page

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Setareh J, Nikkhah F, Moosazadeh M, Baharloo S. Investigating the Effect of Gender and Personality Traits on Chronotype, and the Effect of Chronotype on Quality of Life in Students. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2023; 33 (1) :234-247
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-19363-en.html
Abstract:   (270 Views)
Background and purpose: The preference of sleep-wake schedule, or chronotype, has an effect on a person's health, which depends on various factors. Some factors, such as personality traits, are different in people with different chronotypes, and this difference affects a person's view of quality of life. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between chronotype with quality of life, gender and personality factors in students.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional and descriptive-analytical study was conducted among the students of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences in 2018-2019 using available sampling method. Information was collected using demographic questionnaire and MEQ morning and evening questionnaires, SF_12 quality of life and NEO-FFI personality traits. Data were analyzed by 24 SPSS software.
Results: 403 students with an average age of 22.83 years (standard deviation 2.81) participated in this study. The number of 124 people (30.77%) had a completely and relatively evening personality, 227 people (56.3%) had an average or lower quality of life, and 351 people (87.1%) had a conscientious personality. The characteristic of conscientiousness was significantly higher with relatively morning MEQ (P-value <0.0001). The quality of life of people with evening time personality was significantly (P-value <0.05) lower than other groups. Temporal personality was a significant predictor of conscientious personality type, and moderate temporal personality was a significant predictor of quality of life.
Conclusion: People with morning chronotype had a more responsible personality trait. People with evening chronotype had a lower average quality of life. Considering the relationship between personality traits and people's chronotype, the higher prevalence of evening chronotype, and the effect that chronotype has on the quality of life, the need to screen the sleep schedule pattern in students seems necessary.

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Type of Study: Research(Original) | Subject: psychiatry

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