Volume 12, Issue 36 (Sep 2002)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2002, 12(36): 59-65 | Back to browse issues page

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Babamahmoudi F. Determination of rubella antibody titer in the Serum of girl students studying at Qaemshahr township high schools in 1998 . J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2002; 12 (36) :59-65
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-327-en.html
Abstract:   (16458 Views)
Background and purpose : Âl Hamikah was the first name given by moslem physicians for skin diseases accompanied by mild fever and lymphadenitis and cattarhal symptoms. Ït was known as a kind of measles but later on was named as german measles or kotheln, and after the year 1866 was named as rubella. Ïmportance of this disease is not due to onset of symptoms in the patients, but also for causing congenital rubella in the neonates from infected mothers followed by health and wealth consequences. Âfter the preparation of vaccine for rubella in 1969, there has been significant reduction in the number congenital patients, Â report on elimination of rubella in finland was given in 2000. Ït is since many years that the titer of rubella antibody in the children and the women at the age of reproductive is measured, in order to have a proper vaccination program for the control of congenital rubella complications (at present 10% of the women in the world are at the risk of rubella infection). The aim was to study the immunity and/or sensitivity of the Qaemshahr high shool girls at the age of marriage. So to apply the obtained data for the health programs.
Materials and methods : This research was a descriptive study done on 400 girl students with the help of ËLÏSÂ (alpha-Biotech). Demographic characteristics of the students under study were recorded in order to study the presence of any relevance with the results obtained. The study was done considering the medical ethics.
Results : This study showed that, from 400 persons under study 37 (9.25%) were not immune to rubella. This finding does not have significant relationship with age, living place (urban, rural), parents occupation, level of education and family members.
Çonclusion : Çonsidering the lack of immunity to rubella in 9.25% of the girls at qaemshar high schools, vaccination planning for the girls at the age of marriage seems to be necessary. ËLÏSÂ technique as compare to (HÏ) is more sensitive, with less error and with higher speed, which is recommended as a screening test for the girls before marriage.
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