Volume 21, Issue 81 (Mar 2011)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2011, 21(81): 77-83 | Back to browse issues page

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Nowroozpoor Dailami K, Sheykhrezaee M, Kabirzadeh A, Mohseni Saravi B, Yamrali J. Prevalence and Causes of Eye Injuries in Inpatients at Hospitals of the Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences in 2007-2008 . J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2011; 21 (81) :77-83
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-661-en.html
Abstract:   (12000 Views)
Background and purpose: Ëye injury seems to be mostly preventable, is common causes of visual loss. This study was conducted in order to evaluate ocular injury causes & prevalence in the Mazandaran province.
Materials and methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study carried out on existing data in 13 hospitals of the Mazandaran Üniversity of Medical Sciences during the years of 2007-2008. Kind of hospital, age, gender, causes of injury, procedures, complications the time elapsed between injuries till to arrive to hospital, possibility of covering of eye at the time of injury, activity of patient at the time of injury, and the place of occurrence were different variables to be studied. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and Wilcoxon test using SPSS software.
Results: Ôf 264 hospitalized patients, 66 (% 25) were female, 196 (% 74.2) were male and 2 (% 0.8) were undetermined. The mean and standard deviation of age was 29±2 and the age of most damaged patients was between 21-30 years. Damage to the left eye occurred in 122 (% 46.2) and to the right eye in 126 (% 47.8) and subject to in both eyes 16 (% 6). The most frequent type of eye injury was open wound of eyelid and periocular area in 65 cases (% 24.62). Most external causes of eye injury were bee sting, toxin and steam (% 21.51). The most common procedure was corneal laceration repair 57 (% 23.2) and the most complication was traumatic cataract in 9 cases (% 27.2). Ïn this study only one patient had safety goggles during time of trauma.
Çonclusion: Ïnjuries of eye in Mazandaran province need to be seriously reconsidered, and educational and preventing programs should be designed for young groups.
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