Volume 13, Number 39 (Jun 2003)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2003, 13(39): 1-12 | Back to browse issues page


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Mohseni M, Richardson B. The effect of spinal manipulation versus ultrasound on low back pain patients using surface electromyography . J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2003; 13 (39) :1-12
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-762-en.html

Abstract:   (7543 Views)
Background and purpose: Despite extensive investigations, application of surface electromyography (SËMG) in the evaluation of rehabilitation programme for the patients suffering from chronic low back pain (ÇLBP) has yet to be conclusively demonstrated. Ïn a randomised controlled trial, effectiveness of spinal manipulation therapy (SMT) compared with therapeutic ultrasound (ÜS) in the treatment of ÇLBP was investigated using SËMG. Ône of the purposes of this study was to assess the short and long-term effectiveness of SMT and ÜS on ÇLBP and also to identify the effect of SMT on lumbar muscle endurance.
Materials and methods: Âfter ethical approval, 120 patients with ÇLBP were randomly divided in two experimental and control groups. Pain intensity, functional disability and back muscle endurance using SËMG were measured shortly before treatment, at the end of the treatment and six months after randomisation.
Results: Following treatment, significant changes (P<0.01) have been recorded for both groups, statistical analysis of the data obtained from this study in order to determine the difference between these two groups has shown that the rate of improvement in the experimental groups was more than control group (P<0.01) and this difference was significant in multifidus muscle. Both groups benefited from the treatment interventions at six months follow up and the patients in the experimental group showed greater improvement.
Çonclusion: This study shows that SËMG approach as a non-invasive tool can be used in evaluating treatment technique. Âlso it has been proved that, both of these treatment techniques have been useful in the patients with chronic back pain, and the patients who received SMT technique showed more improvement.
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Type of Study: Research(Original) |

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