Volume 30, Issue 190 (11-2020)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2020, 30(190): 97-108 | Back to browse issues page

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Zaeimzadeh L, Lotfi M, Amini M. Role of Personality Functioning in Predicting Interpersonal and Emotional Problems. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2020; 30 (190) :97-108
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-15280-en.html
Abstract:   (1850 Views)
 Background and purpose: Personality functioning impairment (criterion A) is considered as one of the two essential criteria for diagnosing personality disorders in DSM-5. It includes self (identity and self-direction) and interpersonal (empathy and intimacy) components. This study aimed to investigate the role of personality functioning in predicting interpersonal and emotional problems.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional research was conducted in 245 eligible men and women selected by convenience sampling in Tehran, Iran, 2019. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire, the Level of Personality Functioning Scale (LPFS-BF 2.0), the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP-32), and the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS). Data were analyzed applying Pearson correlation coefficient and hierarchical linear regression.
Results: Findings showed significant positive correlations between all personality functioning components and interpersonal and emotional problems (P<0.01). Also, hierarchical regression showed that the interpersonal personality functioning (P<0.01) and the subscale of empathy (P<0.01) could significantly predict interpersonal problems. Furthermore, a significant positive relationship was found between interpersonal functioning and emotional problems (P<0.01). In the meantime, the intimacy functioning had a stronger predictive value than empathy (P<0.01).
Conclusion: Educational and interventional programs that could improve and adjust communication skills, and enhance empathy and intimacy in personality functioning could be of great help in overcoming interpersonal and emotional problems.
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Type of Study: Research(Original) | Subject: psychology

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