Volume 28, Issue 168 (1-2019)                   J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2019, 28(168): 172-176 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghiasian M, Daneshyar S, Lotfi yar M. Assessment of One-year Prognosis in Patients with Stroke . J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2019; 28 (168) :172-176
URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-11101-en.html
Abstract:   (1111 Views)

Background and purpose: Stroke is one of the most common causes of death. This study aimed at evaluating the one-year prognosis in patients with stroke.
Materials and methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional research, 361 stroke patients admitted in Hamedan Sina Hospital, 2015-2016 were studied. Data were collected using a checklist on demographic characteristics, risk factors, Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores at discharge, 3 months, 6 months, and one year after stroke. Data analysis was done in SPSS V16 applying T test and Chi-square.
Results: Death occurred in 63 cases within the first year but 298 survived until the end of the study. The mean mRS scores at discharge or pre-death in people who died were significantly higher than those of the patients who survived at first year (4.31±0.71 and 2.44±1.09, respectively, p=0.001). Patients had a more favorable situation over time, so that the mean mRS score at the time of discharge was 2.5, three months later 1.8, six months later 1.3, and after one year decreased to 1.2.
Conclusion: Hemorrhagic stroke, involvement of both hemispheres, higher mean age, opium and cigarette consumption, previous history of stroke, diabetes, heart disease, and multiple clinical signs at the time of stroke could lead to poor prognosis in patients.

Keywords: stroke, prognosis, mRS
Full-Text [PDF 227 kb]   (222 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Brief Report | Subject: Neurology

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